In the Illinois' DOC, the process of revoking a prisoner's good-conduct credits is a two-tiered procedure. The initial decision to revoke the credits and the amount to be revoked is made by a prison adjustment committee following a hearing of the facts regarding a specific infraction. That decision is then reviewed by the Prison Review Board (PRB), which may concur, refuse to follow, or reduce the penalty recommended by the committee.
Citing Wolff v. McDonnell, 418 U.S. 539 (1974), Lucas argued his procedural due process rights were denied him by the PRB. He originally filed a complaint for mandamus against the PRB, which was dismissed, leading to his filing the habeas petition. The district court determined, and the 7th Circuit concurred, that the Wolff procedures do not pertain to the PRB because it is not a fact-finding panel with the authority to deprive a prisoner of a liberty interest.
As long as the protections specified in Wolff are afforded the prisoner in the initial adjustment committee hearing, the prisoner's due process rights are protected.
See: Lucas v. Montgomery, 583 F. 3d 1028 (7th Cir. 2009).
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Related legal case
Lucas v. Montgomery
|Cite||583 F. 3d 1028 (7th Cir. 2009).|
|Level||Court of Appeals|