by Amy Goodman
"I want to be free. I want to go outside, and I want to go to school," pleaded a 9-year-old boy, on the phone from prison. This prison wasn't in some far-off country, some dictatorship where one would expect children to be locked up. He is imprisoned in the United States.
The boy, Kevin, is imprisoned in Taylor, Texas, at the T. Don Hutto Residential Facility. His parents are also locked up there. The tale of how this family became imprisoned is just one example of how broken our immigration policies are in this country. It is a tale of children left behind, of family values locked up, of your tax dollars at work.
The parents are Iranian and spent 10 years in Canada seeking asylum.
Kevin, their son, was born in Canada during that time. Their request for asylum was eventually denied and they were deported back to Iran. Majid, the father, said he and his wife were jailed and tortured there. They soon fled to Turkey and bought Greek passports. They hoped to reapply for asylum in Canada, armed with proof of the torture they suffered in Iran.
On a plane back to Canada, a fellow passenger suffered a heart attack, requiring an unscheduled landing in Puerto Rico. Although they never had any intention of entering the U.S., because the plane touched down there, their passports were questioned and they were detained. The family was shipped off to Hutto. They have been there for more than three weeks.
Immigration detention places the family in a legal limbo that could leave them imprisoned indefinitely, perhaps only to be deported back to more torture in Iran.
This shameful practice of locking up children is bad enough. What's worse is that it is being done for profit, by the Corrections Corporation of America. CCA is the largest publicly traded private prison operator in the U.S. CCA has close to 70 facilities scattered across the country, recent earnings of $1.33 billion and a gain in its stock-share price of 85 percent in the past year. Industry analysts gush at the profit potential promised by private prisons. Their commodity: human beings.
A recent report issued jointly by two nonprofit agencies, the Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children and the Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service, titled Locking Up Family Values: The Detention of Immigrant Families, paints a grim picture of the conditions these families endure. While in 2005 Congress directed the Department of Homeland Security and Immigration and Customs Enforcement to detain families in "non-penal, homelike environments," the report details how prison-like the Hutto facility is. While ICE announced Hutto as a new facility, it was formerly a prison.
Children as young as 6 are separated from their parents, kept in prison cells with heavy steel doors equipped with a sensitive laser alarm system. The children wear prison uniforms. They get one hour of school per day and one hour of recreation. All non-lawyer visits are "non-contact," through a Plexiglas window speaking over a phone, to obviate the "necessity" of a full-body cavity search after each visit. Yet the chairman of the CCA board of directors, William Andrews, begs to differ: "The reports come from special-interest groups that are attempting to do away with privatization and the whole immigration situation.... The family facility, particularly, at T. Don Hutto is almost like a home." Recent reports put the total number of children at Hutto at between 170 and 200.
Close to a year after massive pro-immigrant marches occurred in every major U.S. city, immigration policy remains broken, with sensational crackdowns on undocumented workers, a planned multibillion-dollar wall along the U.S.-Mexico border and more than 26,000 immigrants in prison.
CCA stock is up but the spirits of 9-year-old Kevin are down as he languishes in his federally-funded private prison cell. He wants to go home to Canada, where he was born. U.S. immigration officials now hold his fate and that of his parents: deportation to possible torture in Iran, or political asylum and a possible return to Canada. With a Congress obsessed with nonbinding resolutions and the Bush administration that brought you Abu Ghraib and the Maher Arar deportation scandal, the prospects for Kevin and his parents are grim at best.
Amy Goodman is host of "Democracy Now!," a daily international TV/radio news hour airing on 500 stations in North America. © 2007 Amy Goodman. Reprinted with permission of King Features Syndicate.
The CCA-run T. Don Hutto Residential Facility has generated a great deal of controversy and litigation. On March 6, 2007, the ACLU filed ten lawsuits against Michael Chertoff, Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security, and six ICE officials on behalf of children held at the detention center. Seven additional suits were filed in April and May. The lawsuits claim that conditions at the Hutto facility violate the 1997 settlement provisions of Flores v. Meese, USDC CD CA, Case No. CV 85-4544-RJK, which established minimum standards for the housing and release of minors in federal immigration custody.
On April 9, 2007, U.S. District Court Judge Sam Sparks held that the ACLU was "highly likely to prevail" at trial on its claims. Judge Sparks stated that he found it "inexplicable that Defendants have spent untold amounts of time, effort, and taxpayer dollars to establish the Hutto family detention program, knowing all the while that Flores is still in effect." The Court further noted that the T. Don Hutto facility was not licensed, and thus it "has not been subject to any state regulation at all regarding its treatment of the children in its care." See: Bunikyte v. Chertoff, USDC WD TX, Case No. A-07-CA-164-SS.
Citing the pending lawsuits, ICE officials canceled a pre-arranged May 7, 2007 tour of the Hutto detention center by Jorge Bustamante, the United Nations special rapporteur on human rights of immigrants. "My interpretation is that someone in the United States government is not proud of what is happening in those centers," said Mr. Bustamante.
PLN associate editor Alex Friedmann attended CCA's annual shareholder meeting in Nashville, Tennessee on May 10, 2007, and asked whether the company intends to expand into the market of incarcerating families and children beyond its T. Don Hutto facility. CCA president and CEO John Ferguson stated that if ICE contracted for similar privately-operated residential detention facilities, CCA would be there to cash in.
Several grassroots-based efforts are working to close the Hutto facility, including protests by Texans United for Families and a 400-person demonstration and vigil on June 23, 2007 co-sponsored by Amnesty International. Little support is expected from local county officials, since the Williamson County Commissioners Court receives substantial payments for handling the detention center's finances.
More information is available at: www.shutdownhutto.org. The complaints and rulings mentioned above are all available on the PLN website.
Sources: Austin Chronicle, NPR, www.aclu.org/hutto
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Related legal case
Bunikyte v. Chertoff
|USDC WD TX, Case No. A-07-CA-164-SS