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Articles by Bruce Western

The Penal System and the U.S. Labor Market

Bruce Western, Princeton University

Kathy Beckett, Indiana University

The low rate of US. unemployment contrasts strikingly with very high levels of joblessness in Europe. Official statistics show that U.S. unemployment is now around 4% while European unemployment is over 10% and has been persistently high throughout the 1980s and 1990s. ...