A recent study illustrates just how racially skewed the U.S. criminal justice system is with respect to its most powerful participants: prosecutors.
Of 2,437 elected state and local prosecutors holding office in 2014, 95 percent were white and 79% were white men, according to data released by the San Francisco-based Women Donors Network (WDN).
Considering that white males make up just 31 percent of the U.S. population, the paucity of black and Hispanic prosecutors is telling; prosecutors have been empowered by state legislatures to act all but autonomously in determining the fates of hundreds of thousands of criminal defendants, most of whom are disproportionately black and Hispanic.
“The tremendous power and discretion in the hands of prosecutors, combined with the concentration of those positions among one demographic group, virtually guarantees inequality in our criminal justice system,” said Brenda Chores-Carter, director of WDN’s Reflective Democracy Campaign, in a written statement.
The data, compiled by the nonpartisan Center for Technology and Civic Life, indicated that 14 states – Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Idaho, Maine, Montana, Nebraska, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Vermont, Washington and Wyoming – had exclusively elected white prosecutors in 2014. In two other states, Kentucky and Missouri ...
A riot at an Alaska prison “kind of blew up” because, according to prisoners, the phone service provided by Securus was shoddy and the company charged unreasonable rates.
Sparked by a widespread disconnection of phone calls one Monday night in October 2015, prisoners housed in E Dorm at the Lemon Creek Correctional Center (LCCC) disabled surveillance cameras, broke a window, ripped a table out of the concrete floor and then stacked the table and mattresses against a door into the dorm, preventing guards from entering.
Shortly after midnight, however, guards were able to break through the barricade and round up an undisclosed number of prisoners, placing them all in segregation. No one was injured according to Alaska DOC officials.
“For weeks, everybody’s been on edge about [the phone rates],” an LCCC prisoner identified only as Alec told the Juneau Empire in a phone interview from the facility. “The most important things we have in here are connections with our family.”
Texas-based Securus entered into a new contract with the Alaska DOC in September 2015. Per the terms of that contract, prisoners would be able to call cell phones (which they had been unable to do previously), but Securus would ...
Ohio’s top watchdog has recommended that the use of state owned computers by employees of the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction (ODRC) should be heavily restricted to prevent prison guards from again illegally downloading music or other copyrighted material onto their work computers.
The recommendation comes after Ohio’s Office of the Inspector General was tipped off that ODRC guards at four state prisons had downloaded at least 3,764 copyrighted songs (or 48.9 GB of information) for free off the prisons’ data services.
The songs were stored in a computer library of 53,000 ODRC approved audio files available for purchase by state prisoners and sold by Florida based prison profiteer JPay, which, in addition to charging prisoners’ families high fees for money transfers, sells prisoners its own brand of MP3 players and tablets, sold as the JP3 and JP4, respectively.
The inspector general’s investigation of the illegal downloads found that 16 guards total, working at the Ohio Reformatory for Women, and the Chillicothe, Lorain and Madison Correctional Institutions, began downloading copies of the songs as early as July 2012, when JPay first made the music available for purchase at ORDC prisons.
By February 2014 ...
Though its forward thinking, beanie-clad baristas façade would suggest otherwise, the State of Washington has a sobering history of abandoning rehabilitative incarceration in favor of some of the most draconian sentencing laws in the country.
First, Washington enacted the Sentencing Reform Act (SRA) of 1984, a law that effectively eliminated the state’s parole system and pre-dated by a decade the Clinton crime bill of 1994 that kick started a virulent wave of so-called truth-in-sentencing laws in the country.
“At the time (of the SRA’s passage), the conventional wisdom was that rehabilitation didn’t work, and that parole boards were making arbitrary decisions”, said Katherine Beckett, a professor in the University of Washington’s Law, Societies and Justice program.
Nearly 10 years after lawmakers enacted the SRA, Washington’s voters approved the State’s first in the nation three strikes law of 1993, which mandated life without parole for offenders who committed three serious felonies. And in 1995, voters approved the Hard Time for Armed Crime law, mandating sentence enhancements for crimes involving guns; enhancements that are often so sadistically harsh that some prisoners will never again see the free world because of their weapons charges alone.
The demographics inside French prisons have become a hot-button issue in the aftermath of eleven terrorist attacks that have occurred in France since January 2015. At least six individuals involved in those attacks are believed to have been inducted into radical Islam while they were incarcerated in France or Belgium.
According to some estimates, as many as 50% of France’s prison population is Muslim – an outrageous figure if true, considering that Muslims reportedly represent only about 12% of the nation’s overall population. Long before the ISIS-inspired January 2015 terrorist attacks in Paris that killed a dozen people at the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, politicians on the right had been using those statistics to inflame negative attitudes toward Muslim immigrants from North Africa and other Islamic countries.
But Muslim leaders and human rights activists have cited similar data, arguing that even if the number of Muslims incarcerated in French prisons is inflated, the system is weighted against Muslims and reflects deep social and ethnic divides in France. The country’s social policies, they contend, have isolated Muslims in dilapidated neighborhoods with high unemployment rates and poor schools, giving Muslim immigrants and their French-born children little hope for upward mobility ...
Following a decision by Arizona prosecutors not to criminally charge a pair of Phoenix Fire Department (PFD) investigators who allegedly lied under oath and trained a dog to implicate innocent people, victims have pursued justice through civil litigation. During the course of one of those lawsuits, a wrongfully-accused woman found strong evidence suggesting that her own insurance company sought to aid in her conviction.
According to Maricopa County Attorney Bill Montgomery, the May 2009 investigation of a fire in an east Phoenix neighborhood, led by PFD Captains Sam Richardson and Fred Andes, involved “an utter breakdown in basic investigative techniques and procedures.”
However, while Richardson and Andes made “incorrect or impeachable statements” in the case, Montgomery declined to prosecute them in October 2014, saying the pair had skirted prosecution because Arizona law requires that they knowingly made false statements.
“Not bringing criminal charges obviously did not result in us saying that there was nothing wrong with what happened here, or with what the investigation identified,” Montgomery said.
Carl Caples was charged with arson in the east Phoenix fire after an arson dog named Sadie signaled to investigators that she smelled accelerants at the scene. Although Caples insisted during interrogation that ...
While California’s prison population is down, homicides among state prisoners in 2013 were up sharply over previous years. Deaths from drug overdoses in California prisons were up, too, and the suicide rate among state prisoners was more than 40% above the national average.
That was the analysis of the federal Receiver’s office, which since 2006 has been tasked with fixing the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation’s broken medical care system. In October 2014, the Receiver issued a report that examined 366 prisoner deaths that occurred across the state during the previous year.
“A major piece of the quality improvement program is the death review,” Kent Imai, M.D., wrote in his report for the federal Receiver’s office. “Rigorous peer review of all prison deaths identifies serious lapses in care and records numbers of preventable deaths. The death review has been used to find opportunities for systemic improvement and to identify, counsel, and sanction any unsafe [medical] providers.”
Of the 366 prisoners who died in 2013, the death reviews found that 35 were “possibly preventable,” meaning that more adequate medical care “might have prevented or significantly delayed the patient’s death,” according to Imai’s analysis ...
Hundreds of municipalities across the country – including major cities such as Los Angeles and others with large populations of immigrants – are refusing to honor requests from federal officials to hold undocumented immigrants in jail for possible deportation after a judge ruled that doing so was unconstitutional. The policy change has ...
After resigning from his position, an expert dog trainer and veteran of California’s Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) for more than 25 years has criticized a new program to reduce prison drug smuggling.
Wayne Conrad, 61, who quit in September 2014 after he was purportedly threatened by an associate warden, said CDCR Secretary Jeffrey Beard’s statewide plan to use more docile breeds of dogs to sniff out drugs and cell phones is both a waste of money and uses “antiquated” methods that would not withstand legal scrutiny.
In 2009, CDCR officials asked Conrad to come out of retirement and return to the department to organize their efforts to reduce drug and cell phone smuggling in state prisons. Conrad proceeded to assemble a team of handlers and trainers paired with 32 dogs across the state.
“And the beauty is that it was done with no funding,” he said. “All the dogs we received, they were either Belgian Malinois, German shepherds or Dutch shepherds. They were all donated or found in rescues. These dogs didn’t cost the department anything.”
Conrad bragged that one of his adopted dogs, a German shepherd named Drako, sniffed out 1,000 cell phones ...
The ACLU filed a lawsuit last year on behalf of defendants declared incompetent to stand trial who languish in county jails across California while they await transfers to state mental health facilities.
When the suit was filed jointly by ACLU chapters in both northern and southern California in July 2015 ...