These prisoner's average sentence was 81.5 months which meant they would serve about 69 months. Their average sentences were about 2.5 times longer than before sentencing guidelines and the 1986 Anti-Drug Abuse Act imposed mandatory minimum sentences for drug and weapons crimes. Two out of three received mandatory minimum sentences. 42.3% were couriers or played peripheral roles in drug trafficking. The length of the sentence had no effect on whether they returned to crime. Many defendants are receiving prison time who would have previously received probation. Despite the study the congress and senate are continuing the expanded use of mandatory minimums and increasing the penalties for an ever wider variety of crimes.
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