A variety of earlier studies have indicated HIV infection rates as high as 17.4 percent among inmates from the New York City area, but far lower rates elsewhere. The names of the prisons and jails in the new study were not released, but they were said to represent all areas of the country. The findings were reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
At nine of the 10 correctional facilities, women had higher rates of HIV infection than men. The difference was greatest among prisoners under age 25, with 5.2 percent of women in that age group testing positive, compared to 2.3 percent of the men. Minority groups also had higher rates of infection: 4.8 percent overall, compared to 2.5 percent of white inmates. No major difference in HIV infection rates was found between prisons and jails.
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